A. R. ABBOTT
Businessman and partner/secretary/treasurer of Harry Clay’s Bridge Theatre Company.
Archibald Robert Abbott’s association with Harry Clay went back as far as 1900, when both men were engaged by Walter Bell for his Waxworks and Vaudeville Company. The following year he went through New South Wales and Queensland with Clay’s first touring company. Abbott later became a partner in the Bridge Theatre Company in 1913 and stayed on as Secretary after the entrepreneur’s death in 1925.
(1864-1917) Theatrical secretary, associate director, advance agent, manager, business manager, showman, journalist. [Born: William Jordan]
Harold Ashton started his career a journalist with Adelaide’s Register newspaper. He reportedly turned to the theatrical profession in 1886 when J. C. Williamson offered him the position of secretary. A few years later he struck out on his own, initially as advance agent. His three to four years with Hugo’s Buffalo Minstrels provided him with the skills and reputation to go into management and promotion on his own which he did until eventually returning to the Williamson fold. He made many overseas visits for the Firm looking for theatrical imports, and spent time in South Africa as its General Manager. At the time of his death Ashton held the position of Associate Director.
1: The sixth son, and one of nine children born to Melbourne alderman, John Jordan, Ashton died on 21 April 1917 at his home in St Kilda Road, Melbourne after a lengthy illness. His death was reported widely with the Australasian region.
2: Ashton’s career as an independent showman involved many facets of theatrical entertainment, including minstrelsy. In the early 1890s, for example, he toured his own company Ashton’s Federal Minstrels. and acted as manager for Wills’ Surprise Party. His association with Williamson’s is reported as being 17 years all up.
Musician, music teacher, songwriter.
Known to have been active in Melbourne during the late 1860s/1870s, Henry Benjamin’s teaching advertisements appear in the Argus as early as May 1868. The following year J. A. Herman (Weston and Hussey’s Minstrels) had a hit with his song “Wilt Thou Be Mine.” Benjamin’s profile was raised in 1870 when another local teacher was charged with attempting to incite him into a duel (the case was later dismissed) and again in 1872 when he sued Harry Rickards for breach of contract over the song “Doing the Block” (Benjamin was awarded the verdict). His song “The Knight’s Return” was also a hit for Thomas Rainford in 1871.
1: As a musician/teacher Benjamin specialised in piano, harmonium and concertina. Described as a “novelty song,” “Doing the Block” was written to lyrics by Marcus Clarke.
2: Benjamin’s movements after 1872 are yet to be established. It is unclear, for example, if his the same person identified as a “well-known local musician” in Dunedin (New Zealand) in 1889.
(1872-1924) Tour manager/theatre manager/advance rep.
Largely associated with Harry Clay between 1901 and 1924, Boyle was initially employed as a New South Wales/Queensland advance rep and tour manager. He also operated a business in Brisbane around 1915, and worked briefly for Fullers’ Theatres. As a venue manager he looked after Clay’s interests at the Coliseum (North Sydney), Eden Gardens (Manly) and the Bridge Theatre (Newtown).
MARTIN C. BRENNAN
One of Australia’s most respected and influential journalists and editor/publishers working in the area of vaudeville and film, Martin Brennan is largely remembered as the founder of Australian Variety (1913-1920) and Film Weekly (1926-1973). He was also the editor of Everyone’s: The Motion Picture Authority between 1920 and 1926, and a long-time representative for several prominent American and British entertainment periodicals – notable Variety (USA) and Encore, Era and Performer (Britain).
Jack Campbell was one of the best-known advance reps working in Australia during the early decades of the twentieth century. The entertainment organisations he was associated with, either in this position or as manager, included the Fitzgerald Brothers’ Circus, Harmston’s Circus, James Brennan, the Coleman-Taylor Pantomime Company and Harry Clay.
Projectionist-operator, circuit manager, house manager.
Les Cannis was employed by Harry Clay between ca. 1912 and 1925, initially as a projectionist and then as a front of house manager at the Bridge Theatre (Newtown) and for Clay’s southern New South Wales circuit.
N. H. CONNOLLY
A leading figure in the establishment of the Australian Theatrical Amusements and Employees’ Association (T.A.E.A.) in 1910, N. H. Connolly was its federal president throughout most of that decade. His career in the variety industry is thought to have begun around the turn of the century, and for more than a decade was associated with J. C. Bain in various positions (including mechanist). He moved away from the industry in the late 1920s to become involved with the United Licensed Victuallers’ Association.
A Tivoli employee for more than 20 years, beginning with Harry Rickards in 1902 and continuing with the Hugh D. Macintosh Tivoli circuit from 1912, Percy Crawford was treasurer of Adelaide’s first Tivoli Theatre [see White’s Theatre]. He also travelling to New Zealand with various Rickards’ companies up until the entrepreneur’s death in 1911. After McIntosh transferred him to Melbourne, Crawford played a significant role in the company’s move towards revue and musical comedy and was closely associated with Harry G. Musgrove‘s First National Films venture in the early 1920s.
Image source: Everyone’s 18 Apr. (1923), 3.
Valentine Day is the name (or pseudonym) of the writer whose columns and feature articles appeared in several Sydney-based newspapers during the first two decades of the twentieth century. First identified with The Newsletter in 1900, for which he wrote the “In Front and Behind” column, he later worked for Freeman’s Journal (ca. 1915) and from ca. 1917 contributed reviews, insights and memories of Australian theatre (both legitimate and variety) to the Referee and the Saturday edition of The Arrow (which incorporated the Saturday Referee). His columns included: “Reminiscences of the Stage” (Referee), and “Personal: Pars Pleasant Pungent and Pithy” (aka “Topical Pars Personal: Pleasant, Pithy and Pungent”) and “At Sydney Shows.”
- See also: “Reminiscences of the Stage” (Media section)
CHARLES L. DEVEREAUX
Advance agent, tour and threatre manager (variety, drama and film).
Although first been identified with Kate Howarde‘s Dramatic Company in 1900, Charles Devereaux’s name disappears from newspaper coverage until 1905. Parke’s Western Champion newspaper records in 1906, however, that he was “well-known to most Parkesians” (8 June 1906, 12), suggesting a theatrical involvement in the region during that period. He was later an advance rep for Percy Verto, Lilian Meyers, and the International Circus, and toured his own company and athlete Henry J. Lawson among other ventures. Devereaux became involved in film exhibition (1910-ca. 1918), initially managing theatres and showing films in Sydney, Brisbane and the Northern Rivers (New South Wales) for Cousens Spencer before managing several independent regional picture houses in regional New South Wales and Queensland.
- See also: Devereaux’s World’s Biotint Entertainers
1: The initials “S,” “C,” and “T,” have been applied to Devereaux’s name various newspapers between 1900 and 1918.
2: During his time in the New South Wales Northern Rivers Devereaux reportedly established a circuit of picture houses with Lismore-based businessman Frank Molloy. His career post and movements post-1919 are yet to be determined.
NB 2: Devereaux’s birth name may have been Charles Lionel Powles. The death notice for a man by that name in Rockhampton’s Morning Bulletin (5 July 1954, 4) records that he was known as Charles Devereaux. The same gentleman’s divorce proceedings in Sydney in late-1917/early 1918 also identify Charles Lionel Powles and Mary Elizabeth Powles as being known as Devereaux (see for example Sydney Morning Herald 8 Dec. 1917, 9). The couple had married in Redfern in 1900.
WILLIAM A. EDGELEY
Tour and theatre manager/performer.
Associated with Edward Branscombe for 14 years, William Edgeley later moved into the film industry. After initially finding work as a venue manager he turned to marketing in the early 1920s.
Edward Gabriel, invariably referred to as “handsome Ted,” was employed by Harry Clay as a stage manager at his Bridge Theatre headquarters in Newtown from as early as 1914. In this respect he was very much a local identity, being associated with the venue until it ceased being associated with Clay’s in 1930.
Singer (baritone), business manager/agent, entrepreneur, venue manager.
In the mid to late-1870s George Clarke Gibbons was an actor/singer and secretary with Melbourne’s Pioneer Dramatic Association. He later handled the business arrangements for touring companies, including D’Orsey Ogden (1878), the Blondenette Lady Minstrels (1879), Baker and Farron (1879), Charles. B. Hicks (1880, Uncle Tom’s Cabin tour), the Mohawk Minstrels, the Comets, and toured with the Nightingale Serenaders  as a performer (all 1882). He leased Sydney’s Alhambra Music Hall (presenting Gibbon’s Minstrels) and took over the management of the Bondi Aquarium in 1894. His last known theatrical endeavour was a season at Sydney’s Temperance Hall in late-1895 with a revived Nightingale Serenaders .
Little is known of Gibbons’ life and career between 1882 and 1894, and again between 1896 and late-1898. He is believed to moved away from theatrical management in 1898, initially purchasing the Parramatta Sale Yards, and the following year starting up his own business as an “Auctioneer, Estate and General Commission Agent.”
JOHN L. GOODMAN
John Goodman immigrated to Australia in 1869, and over the next decade gained business experience in various capacities. He managed Camilla Urago’s tour for Samuel Lazar in 1879 and the School of Arts (Sydney) for John Bennett before accepting the position of business manager for Arthur Garner‘s London Comedy Company season at Sydney’s Theatre Royal in 1880. This in turn led to a three decade-long association with J. C. Williamson. During that period he handled business activities for the Firm (as treasurer) and its various theatres (including Australia’s first picture show), and oversaw operations during Williamson’s absences.
Image source: Australian Stage Annual (1901), 33]
The sons of Mr and Mrs W. H. Goodson, owners of a Rockhampton (Queensland) furniture shop, Harold and Benjamin Goodson later establish themselves as prominent local businessmen in their own right. Benjamin attained national celebrity status when he won the 1899 World Amateur Cycling Championship in Montreal, Canada. He later spent some six to seven years working as a concert and vaudeville singer (largely in Victoria and South Australia) before returning to Rockhampton in January 1909 to help run the family business. The following month the brothers opened Goodson’s Promenade Concert Grounds, presenting moving pictures and live performances through until December. Benjamin remained active in the region as a performer and occasional concert director for several years.
After the brothers took over the family business from their mother in December 1910 Harold Goodson (aka W. H. Goodson) focused his attention on that venture rather than on entertainment activities. When Benjamin later moved to Sydney the business continued to be known as Goodson Brothers, although essentially owned and operated by Harold (in conjunction with his two sons).
Doorman, usher, Randwick Racecourse gatekeeper, house manager, singer.
Employed for over 37 years at Randwick as a gate-keeper Dick Heaney was also associated with Harry Clay and his vaudeville operations for some 30 years.
aka Madame du Barry
(1881-) Costume and fashion designer, wardrobe mistress, business proprietor [Born: Bertha Giles]
Bertha Giles started her working life as a dressmaker and following the end of her four-year old marriage to joiner Seth Hillyard in 1911 (the couple had one child, Phyllis), she moved to London becoming wardrobe mistress at the Haymarket and Pavilion theatres. Hillyard moved to Australia in 1923 with her daughter and soon afterwards (as Madame du Barry) established a costumier business in Sydney’s King’s Cross. She married actor Lane Vane (brother of Jim Gerald) in 1928, but when the relationship ended (ca. 1930) she followed her daughter to the USA, setting up a fashion design business in Hollywood that same year.
Details for this entry sourced from research undertaken by Robert Colomb.
Perth-based theatre manager, business partner.
Connected with the Shaftesbury-Luxor-Tivoli theatre for some 40 years, Andy Hosking’s involvement with Perth’s entertainment sector began as a child employee at the city’s annual Easter Fairs during the 1890s. He later made a name for himself as a rover for the West Perth and Subicao Australian Rules football teams. Although his primary career was with Perth’s Gas and Electric Department, Hosking’s friendship with hotelier Tom Shafto (for whom the Shaftesbury was built), saw him involved with the theatre as a silent partner from before its construction in 1911. He also managed it during the 1910s and early 1920s. Hosking’s other theatrical associations included the Olympia and His Majesty’s theatres among others.
- See also: Elsie Hosking
Hosking’s daughter, Elsie, became a well-known vaudeville, revue and radio entertainer.
WILLIAM A. JINKINS
(ca. 1856-1897) William Jinkins was first associated with Williamson, Garner and Musgrove during the 1880s, and in 1889 managed the Australian tour by the Swiss Mountain Singers (aka Jungfrau Kapelle). He gained much experience throughout the colonies, as well as in China, India and Japan, and at some stage in the 1890s worked with both the Macmahon brothers and George Darrell. Jinkins joined Harry Rickards‘ company in 1895, and was his manager in Western Australia up until his untimely death from pneumonia in June 1897.
- Further Reference: “Death of Mr W. A. Jinkins.” Inquirer and Commercial News 11 June (1897), 10 • “A Vaudeville Show: Harry Rickards in Perth, A Talk with Mr Jinkins” Inquirer and Commercial News 9 Apr. (1897), 8.
M. A. KEUP
Variety theatre critic.
M.A. Keup was Just It magazine’s variety theatre critic during the mid to late-1920s (presenting his reviews under the banner “Vaudeville”). He also provided the magazine with additional industry-related information and gossip.
- See also: Just It
HARRY “KITCH” KITCHING
The founding editor of Australian Variety and Show World magazine, Harry Kitching established a high-profile career during the heyday of Australian variety entertainment as a vaudeville critic. In 1917, he married soprano Amy Rochelle, and took over the management of her career. Following the demise of Harry Clay‘s organisation in the late-1920s, Kitching and Rochelle leased on the Bridge Theatre (Newtown), presenting revues there under the direction of both his wife and his business partner, Stan Foley. In 1930 and 1931 the George Wallace Revue Company played seasons in Adelaide, Sydney (Bridge Theatre), Western Australia and Newcastle under Kitching’s direction.
- See also: Amy Rochelle
Advance rep, manager.
Frank Levy’s was employed as an advance rep and tour manager for a diverse range of companies during the late 19th and early 20th centuries – including Wirth’s Circus, Dan Barry, John F. Sheridan, Charles Holloway, Kate Howarde, Charles Taylor and Ella Carrington, and Clarke and Meynell. In the 1910s and 1920s he was associated in various capacities with Allen Doone, Taylor and Coleman, and Odiva (and her seals) among numerous other firms and acts. Levy continued to be involved in the industry until at least 1926.
J. J. LIDDY
Publisher, theatrical agent, manager, theatre lessee, art union promoter.
John Liddy’s name has first been connected with entertainment industry in 1874 when he acted as ticket seller for a minstrel show in Darwin. In 1876, having established himself as a Melbourne theatrical agent and art union promoter, he began publishing the Lorgnette playbill and during the 1880s he acted as business and/or tour manager for various troupes around Australia. He died in Brisbane on New Year’s Day 1891, having moved there some time previously to manage and lease several theatres, notably the Gaiety [see Albert Hall].
- See also: The Lorgnette